A recent New York City art exhibition, now at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, explores the importance of black models as key to the development of 19th and 20th century art, through their representations by French and American artists (including Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Frederic Bazille and Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault). Nancy Giles talks with curator Denise Murrell about how the Harlem Renaissance influenced painters such as Henri Matisse, and with Brooklyn artist Mickalene Thomas about black figures in art at a time of social and political transformation.
“Adding a breast implant to the procedure sometimes allows the surgeon to shorten or even eliminate scarring, since the implant will then take up some of the slack caused by the breasts’ sagging,” says Fort Worth, TX plastic surgeon Dr. Jonathan Heistein. “Some breast augmentation patients may even be candidates for a radiofrequency treatment called BodyTite, which can provide a slight lift without requiring additional surgery.”
Dr. Cohen and Dr. Winters have been conducting breast lifts for the past 15 years in Bergen County and have found certain things can enhance the experience for everyone involved. Following surgery, we’ve found that it is important to break the recovery process into 4 main areas: pain, scars, bras and exercise. Each section details what you need to know in relation to recovery and things you can do to prepare.
Most doctors on RealSelf say that a good compression garment is essential to minimize swelling and bruising, help the skin smoothly adhere to the underlying tissue, and speed up healing; but some don’t think it’s necessary. Doctors who recommend compression garments often have patients wear them 24/7 (with a break for showering) for at least two weeks and then gradually reduce the number of hours they need to be worn over a period of three or more weeks. As a bonus, doctors say, compression helps ease discomfort. Follow your doctor’s instructions. Some surgeons recommend lymphatic massage starting at about four weeks post-op, to help drain fluid and bring down swelling. “I don’t suggest self-massage, because you can counteract the surgery,” Dr. Mesa says. “But going to a massage therapist who specializes in post-surgical massage does make the healing process faster and prevent irregularities.”

Breast lift scars will be very noticeable for the first few months, often appearing red and lumpy. The scars will continue to fade into thin white lines over the next several months, but will never go away completely. Cortisone cream and silicone sheeting may reduce the appearance of scars. When considering the long-term results of breast lift surgery, many women feel that scars are a fair trade-off for firmer, younger-looking breasts. However, in some cases, abnormal breast lift scars can form, causing undesirable results.
Any licensed physician can perform liposuction, but it’s usually performed by plastic surgeons and dermatologists in their offices with local anesthesia, though it may be performed in a hospital under general anesthesia. No special training is required, though some doctors’ professional associations recommend it. When choosing a doctor, you may want to consider whether they have had specific training for liposuction and how many they have performed.
We think you shouldn’t have to wait to look better, and more importantly, feel better about yourself. To help our patients afford liposuction, we offer financing options. When you apply, we’ll take a look at your credit history to determine your qualification and financing amount. Upon approval, you can book a date for your procedure. Afterward, you’ll make monthly payments. Financing can help you get where you want to be sooner rather than later.

What you need to do is to see several well-recommended surgeons, and listen to their advice. Don't just go with the one who promises you great results with less scars; make sure that everything they say makes sense. If one person suggests that they can get a great shape with substantially less scar than everyone else, be a little suspicious. It may be true, but it may not. Try going to surgery.org to find a good plastic surgeon. Good luck.


For more invasive liposuction procedures, we encourage our patients to stay with a friend or family member afterward. If this is not possible, you may want to consider hiring a home health care worker to help take care of you. The cost of this will depend on the type of worker you hire (registered nurse, registered practical nurse, or personal support worker), and how long they stay.
Unfortunately, there are no completely scarless breast lifts.  There are 4 main types of breast lifts performed depending on the amount of sagging, excess skin, surgeon preference, and patient preference.  Each one has a slightly different scar pattern.  The ones with the least amount of scarring also tend to be the least effective in terms of lifting and coning the breasts into a more perky shape.  The moon-shape (crescent) lift involves a scar hidden along the upper half of the areola border.  The donut (circumareolar) lift involves a scar hidden around the entire circumference of the areola border.  These scars camouflage very well where the darkly pigmented skin of the areola meets the lighter skin of the rest of the breast.  These lifts work well when the nipple is only slightly downward pointing.  One of the disadvantages of these lifts is that they can only raise the areola up to a maximum of about 2 cm.  They also tend to flatten the breast shape and are not ideal when there is saggy breast tissue in the lower pole.
Following breast lift surgery, patients may experience discomfort, swelling, and bruising, which typically last from two to three weeks. Prescription pain medications may make patients more comfortable during the first week of breast lift recovery. Patients are required to avoid sleeping on their stomachs for the first two weeks, and are advised to take sponge baths until the sutures are removed. Your doctor will make other suggestions to maximize comfort during the recovery period.
Following surgery, Breast Lift scars are red and normally slightly raised, but over 3 – 6 months after surgery they usually fade and flatten out, becoming thin, barely visible lines. For incisions along the areolar border, the scars are usually partially disguised by the skin color contrast (between the dark areola and lighter breast skin) and the uneven surface of the areola.
Finally, there’s the so-called scarless lift. Women who are seeking a mild lift but are dead set against leaving scars anywhere on their breasts may opt for a technique that uses a network of dissolving surgical threads inserted through tiny incisions along the collar bone, guided under the breast tissue, and then anchored to the collar bone, to create an internal bra of sorts. Scar tissue forms around the threads, theoretically providing support to lift the nipple.

1. Keloid Scarring – This type of scarring would only be the result of a procedure that causes an unusual amount of damage to the skin. This type of scarring is essentially “aggressive healing,” as the body sends excessive amounts of collagen to the area in an attempt to fix the skin.For a portion of the population, keloid scarring occurs even for relatively minor procedures and wounds, leading to the area of the skin becoming red, raised and slightly waxy. If you are prone to keloid scarring, tell your plastic surgeon before undergoing the procedure.
Most doctors on RealSelf say that a good compression garment is essential to minimize swelling and bruising, help the skin smoothly adhere to the underlying tissue, and speed up healing; but some don’t think it’s necessary. Doctors who recommend compression garments often have patients wear them 24/7 (with a break for showering) for at least two weeks and then gradually reduce the number of hours they need to be worn over a period of three or more weeks. As a bonus, doctors say, compression helps ease discomfort. Follow your doctor’s instructions. Some surgeons recommend lymphatic massage starting at about four weeks post-op, to help drain fluid and bring down swelling. “I don’t suggest self-massage, because you can counteract the surgery,” Dr. Mesa says. “But going to a massage therapist who specializes in post-surgical massage does make the healing process faster and prevent irregularities.”

Any surgery—medical or cosmetic—that requires cutting the skin is going to leave a scar. The scar’s size will depend on the length of the incision that must be made, which will depend on the procedure being performed. When you have a breast lift (also called a mastopexy), you will be left with vertical scars that extend from the bottom of your areola to the inframammary fold, the area where your breast meets your chest.


The horizontal mastopexy goes by many names, including the “Horndesky Method” and “Ultimate Lift.” This technique enables surgeons to create a new position for the nipple without leaving a vertical scar from the areola to the breast crease. Instead, a horizontal incision is made across the entire breast above the areola, and the surgeon excises the skin below it while preserving the nipple.
Each year, thousands of women undergo breast lift procedures to restore the shape and volume of their breasts for a more youthful breast contour. Oftentimes breast lifts are combined with other procedures such as breast augmentation or breast reduction. In cases like these, the breasts are lifted as they are increased or decreased in size. The result are breasts that look and feel better!
When skin is damaged, the body repairs it by creating new collagen fibers, which gives the healing area a different look and texture: a scar. The “mended” skin will be less flexible than the skin around it, and it may have no hair follicles. The scarred skin might be a different color than surrounding skin and the color will change as healing progresses. This is completely natural.
The cost of living is different among different geographical locations. In general, the cost of cosmetic surgery tends to be higher in areas of the country where the cost of living is high. For example, a practice located in Los Angeles will change more for a buttocks lift than a practice situated in San Francisco due to the higher cost of living index, which affects all kinds of services and goods in that area, including plastic surgery services and related costs (see cost of anaesthesia and operating room below). Likewise, a practice in, say, India or Turkey, will perform a butt augmentation at a lower cost than in Paris (from $2,400 vs. $7,300 respectively), while a patient opting to have a butt lift in Switzerland will be called to pay, at least, $6,600 for the liposuction alone.
Gaining in popularity is something called the vertical lift, which involves a scar around the areola and then straight down the breast, eliminating the underneath scar. Proponents think that the shape is good, that the breast maintains a lot of projection over time without bottoming out, and that the underneath scar is avoided. I believe that many of these breasts look overly projecting to my taste, and that bottoming out can be minimized with the inverted T style pattern. I also feel that the underneath scar is rarely seen, and that the scars that are seen - around the areola and going straight down, seem relatively more visible with this technique since it requires some bunching up of the skin during closure. Understand that some of the best surgeons in the world argue with one another about this issue at meetings all the time!

Although liposuction is used to get rid of fat, it’s not a weight-loss solution. Liposuction works best on deposits of fat that are concentrated in particular areas and resistant to exercise, particularly around the stomach, thighs, hips and buttocks. You might lose a little weight, but it’s not likely to be significant. Liposuction also won’t fix a bulging stomach that’s caused by weakness in the abdominal wall, and it won't tighten loose skin. For toning and flattening the abdominal area, however, liposuction is sometimes combined with abdominoplasty, also known as a tummy tuck, in which fat is removed from the belly, the muscle wall repaired and excess skin removed.
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